Laws and Rules for Sweepstakes in Michigan
First, it helps to understand the difference between a sweepstakes, contest and lottery. In a sweepstakes, winners are chosen randomly from all participants. In a contest, the winners’ entries are usually judged and are based on a skill or criteria. In a lottery, winners are chosen at random, but in order to enter, the participant must pay. A payment is called a consideration. Only states can hold lotteries, so all private lotteries are illegal.
To avoid being classified as an illegal lottery in any state, your promotion can only have 2 of these 3 elements: prize, chance and consideration. Keep in mind, consideration can mean anything of value, including a fee or even a significant effort (i.e., time spent shooting/submitting a photo, etc.)
Here are possible combinations:
- Prize + consideration + chance = illegal lottery or gambling
- Prize + consideration = legal contest (in most jurisdictions)
- Prize + chance = legal sweepstakes
All sweepstakes in the United States must meet the following regulations:
- No purchase necessary. You can enter the sweepstakes without buying a product or service.
- Winners are required to pay taxes on prizes they win.
Sweepstakes are regulated nationally and by state by the following organizations:
- Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
- Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
- United States Postal Service (USPS)
- United States Department of Justice (DOJ)
State Specific Sweepstakes & Contest Laws
Besides federal considerations, every state has its own specifics laws regarding sweepstakes and contests.
Michigan also prohibits tobacco-related sweepstakes. It also doesn't allow sweepstakes where the entrant must visit a store or retail site in order to enter.
Contests: are allowed as long as the sponsor awards the prize based on skill and not chance.
Sweepstakes: are allowed as long as the sponsor awards the prize based on chance.
Prize Promotion Laws - Michigan Prize Notices and Solicitations
- Michigan defines “requiring a participant to be present at a place of business for a chance to win a prize” a consideration, thus sweepstakes cannot require participants to be present in order to win.
- If a prize is offered as incentive to attend a sales presentation, the prize offer must come with a detailed disclosure statement of the obligations or actions the customer must take in order to be eligible to receive the prize.
Michigan Cannabis or Marijuana Sweepstakes or Contest Laws
- Cannabis or any product containing cannabis, such as food or drinks are not allowed as prizes.
- Purchases of any related products can’t be required for entry.
- Make sure that your sweepstakes is only open to entrants age 21 or older with proof of age.
- Any ads must have a disclaimer about the state’s legal age for marijuana products, if any.
- Similar to the tobacco and vaping industries, brands cannot use any type of marketing that can be construed as trying to appeal to children (characters, mascots, games, etc.)
- Don’t advertise your brand or giveaway in public (or private) places where children may be present, including billboards, buses/vehicles, television, and radio.
- Don’t use Facebook, Google, or any other advertising or marketing channel that specifically prohibits promotions involving illegal drugs to promote your giveaway.
- Do not allow mail-in entries as this could be considered as interstate commerce.
Legal Review Criteria: Dominant Factor Doctrine when assessing whether or not chance determines the outcome of a promotion.
Note: the information above is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Sweepstakes and Contest promotional laws change and the above may not reflect the must current laws.